What is macular degeneration?

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a painless condition that generally leads to the gradual impairment of central vision, which is used for reading, recognising faces and other key elements of recognition.

Normal macular ageing changes are a common incidental finding on a routine visit to the optometrist. AMD may also be detected before it is symptomatic or noticed by the patient.

Dry AMD is currently not treatable but there are various support groups available to help you cope with the condition

What are the symptoms of Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

There are a number of symptoms including:

  • Gaps or dark spots across your vision
  • Reduced central vision in one or both eyes
  • Words may be distorted or mixed up on a page
  • Jumbled printed words
  • Straight lines may appear distorted or bent.

When should I seek treatment for my wet AMD?

Upon diagnosis of wet AMD, your GP or optician should immediately refer you for treatment. Seeing an AMD specialist as soon as possible, preferably within 48 to 72 hours, is essential for the treatment of wet AMD. Please ask your optician to refer into our service today.

What does wet AMD treatment involve?

Upon receiving a diagnosis for wet AMD you will be referred to your local AMD service provider. The treatment for AMD involves an injection into the eye, known as an intravitreal injection (IVI), using one of the following drugs:

  • Lucentis (Ranibizumab) 0.5mg/0.05ml
  • Eylea (Aflibercept) 2mg/0.05ml
  • Avastin (Bevocizumab) 1.25mg/0.05ml

These injections help to stop the vessels leaking fluid into the retina, causing impairment of vision. Patients will be given a local anaesthetic via eye drops prior to receiving the treatment.

How long does AMD treatment take?

The appointments will take no longer than 30 minutes for your first appointment, including your preliminary examinations. It is advised not to drive to your first appointment, as you will be dilated. After your first appointment, follow ups will last no more than 20 minutes.

Most patients will go home immediately after the injections, it is advised to have someone with you if possible.

What are the results of AMD treatment?

Patients often report an almost overnight improvement in their eyesight, with many returning to activities such as driving and reading with no further eye problems.

What are the risks and complications of AMD treatment?

Intravitreal injections are very safe and risks are very small. You will have the opportunity to discuss any risks with your consultant prior to agreeing any treatment plan.

Pre-operative assessment:

A pre-operative assessment is our opportunity to ensure that the procedure for which you have been referred is right for you. We’ll explain your treatment to you and makes sure that you are well enough to go ahead with it. It is also your opportunity to meet the team who will care for you and to ask any questions.

Mobile service

Mobile service

We provide a mobile service for the treatment of Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration (Wet AMD).


NHS referral

All NHS patients benefit from short waiting times at our hospital. Ask your GP for a referral.

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